Butternut (Juglans cinerea) is a North American native, cherished for its elongated, sweet nuts. This tree offers not only a delicious harvest but also a canopy of pinnate leaves, perfect for shade. Its deeply furrowed bark adds texture to landscapes, making it both functional and ornamental.

1-2′ Bareroot Seedling

Out of stock

Environmental Requirements

Cold Tolerance: USDA Zone 3-7
Soil pH: 6.0-7.0
Soil Type: Well-drained
Water Requirements: Moderate, consistent moisture
Sunlight Requirements: Full sun
Drought Tolerance: Moderate
Heat Tolerance: Moderate
Chilling Hours: None

Size and Spacing

Plant Size: 40-60′ tall, 30-50′ wide
Plant Spacing: 30-40′ apart
Growth Habit: Upright, spreading
Rootstock: From Seed

Pollination and Flowering

Pollination Requirements: Monoecious, requires cross-pollination
Pollination Mechanisms: Wind
Bloom Time: April-May
Flower Color: Yellow-green

Fruit Characteristics

Nut Size: 1.5-2.5″
Nut Flavor: Sweet, buttery
Nut/Husk Color and Appearance Light brown, oval, ridged
Harvest Time: September-October
Yield & Storage: Moderate, store in a cool, dry place
Years to Bear: 7-10

Disease and Pest Susceptibility

Butternut Canker (Ophiognomonia clavigignenti-juglandacearum): Very Susceptible
Anthracnose (Gnomonia leptostyla): Moderately Susceptible
Armillaria Root Rot (Armillaria mellea): Moderately Susceptible
Powdery Mildew (Microsphaera alni): Moderately Resistant
Butternut Curculio (Conotrachelus juglandis): Susceptible
Walnut Caterpillar (Datana integerrima): Moderately Susceptible

Additional Plant Characteristics

Growth Habit: Upright, spreading
Foliage Color: Green
Fall Color: Yellow-orange
Lifespan: 40-75 years

Additional Information

Toxicity: Non-toxic
Invasive Potential: Low
Native Range: Eastern United States
Nitrogen Fixing: No